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Savarkar – Bose relationship

Savarkar - Bose Relationship

There are many allegations over Swatantryaveer Savarkar based on propagandas , and now the most intelligent person of the World , whose name is Dhruv Rathee , A social media influencer, has made a video on Veer Savarkar , based on false claims and lies . On the video , Rathee also claimed Savarkar as the father of two nation theory , maybe he have forget the name of Islamist Sayyed Ahmed Khan ! Mr. Rathee doesn’t know the definition of nation , he putted his life into prove that Veer Savarkar supported fascism , was a fan of Hitler , savarkar opposed Bose, Partition happened due to Savarkar’s Hindutva , Hindu – Muslim riots were happened because of Savarkar and what not ? He just tried to show that Savarkar was a Hindu fanatic and was british agent responsible for partition ! He also designed his propaganda theory under the main topic ‘Savarkar VS Bose !’

Really? Let’s take a look.

SAVARKAR AND SUBHASHCHANDRA BOSE

A committee was formed under the leadership of Barrister Jamnadas Mehta , who was instrumental in ensuring Savarkar’s release , decided to give a rousing public reception . committee requested several political leaders to give their messages on this occasion . Some of these messages were published in the ” Lokmanya ” dated 27 June 1937 .
Subhas Chandra Bose in his statement said : ‘ I heartily welcome Barrister Savarkar who is returning to Bombay now as a free man . I hope that he will join the Congress and support the freedom movement . He has a bright future ahead of him . “

SAVARKAR OPPOSED TO TAKE HELP FROM JAPAN ?

On 18 November 1937 , addressing a meeting of the Swarajya Party in Dadar , Bombay , Savarkar said that Nations gained respect with guns , and peace could not exist without guns . He called for a rallying of international help and pro – Indian sentiment where the goal of independence had to be much more important than ideology . First the country needs to be strong to be independent . He argued that it was not important whether Japan , which conquered China , was right or wrong . The world took care of its own countries and India must not count on help from any other country . He believed that people had the right to possess arms for self – defence and hence young Indians must agitate with the slogan ‘ Down with the Arms Act ‘ to facilitate this .
It’s just was a call to indian youths don’t depend on Japan or other any country . Be independent ! Be strong !

YES! SAVARKAR CRITICIZED BOSE !!

He criticized the suggestion of Congress president Subhas Chandra Bose that the Roman script be made the national script of India as ‘slavish mentality’.
Savarkar was strictly against Muslim appeasements by any ways.

THREE SCHOOLS OF THOUGHTS PREVALENT IN CONGRESS

On 1 August 1939, Savarkar spoke at a public meeting organized at Tilak Smarak Mandir in Poona. School of thought led by three different leaders- Gandhi, Subhas Bose and Manabendranath Roy – and how it is different from the school of thought of the Hindu Mahasabha. He said about Bose: ” Second school of thought is led by Subhas Bose and the Forward Bloc. His policies and means used are similar to our thought process and we could work together on certain issues, but even they are obsessed with this mirage of Hindu – Muslim unity. “

THAT THREE HOUR MEETING

Bose toured the country to seek support for his views and in the course of it met Jinnah first . Accordingly , on 22 June 1940 , Bose and Savarkar had a meeting . In his memoirs , Bose was least charitable to both Savarkar and Jinnah, He writes : ” Mr. Jinnah was then thinking only of how to realize his plan of Pakistan ( division of India ) with the help of the British . Mr. Savarkar seemed to be oblivious of the international situation and was only thinking how Hindus could secure military training by entering Britain’s army in India . From these interviews , the writer was forced to the conclusion that nothing could be expected from either the Muslim League or the Hindu Mahasabha . “
We will discussion in details about this meeting later.

Savarkar’s secretary Balarao , however , recounts that in this meeting the former strongly advised Bose to not run behind the mirage of Hindu – Muslim unity but seek the help of the enemies of Britain in the war , such as Japan , Italy and Germany . He advised Bose to flee India and move to either Germany or Japan , get the captured Indian soldiers released and raise an army that would attack British India via the Bay of Bengal . His view was that this was the only way that the British could be forced out of the country and not through mass protests or demonstrations . To impress this point Savarkarji showed to Subhas Babu a letter from Sri Bose ( Rash Behari ) to Savarkarji written just on the eve of Japanese declaration of war . This was the same model that the Indian revolutionaries had attempted during the First World War and failed . This was a letter from Balarao , dated 2 June 1954 .

As later events were to prove , in about six months thence , Subhas Bose took precisely this route by disappearing from India in January 1941 from his house on Elgin Road in Calcutta and eventually joined Rash Behari Bose On his mysterious disappearance , Savarkar issued a statement : ” May the gratitude , sympathy and good wishes of a nation be a source of never failing solace and inspiration to him wherever he happens to be . Wherever he happens to be , I have no doubt he will continue to contribute his all , even health and life to the cause of Indian freedom . “

WHY THE DOMINION STATE

He , however , was quick to remind the Congress that it never had the large heart to utter a single word of sympathy or protest when patriots like Senapati Bapat or Subhas Bose and others who differed from the Gandhian philosophy were similarly held under the draconian Defence of India Act ever since the war broke out . Repression on the part of the government could thus do nothing to help achieve responsive cooperation . Instead , a timeline for the grant of Dominion status could help build bridges between the Indian political opinion and the British government .

Hindu Maha Sabha has demanded that we must be granted Dominion Status immediately after the war . Some may say that ‘ is it not disgraceful for you who had been clamouring for complete independence ? ‘ savarkar :” I say that that there is a difference between ideal and reality And if our demand is disgraceful , it is far less dishonourable than taking oath of allegiance to the British Crown and accepting their ministerships . “ ( SSV4 p 492 )

The Mahasabha adopted a resolution in Madurai that clearly enunciated its stand on the political developments in the country . It stated that ” while reiterating its faith in the goal of complete independence of India … was prepared [ to ] accept the Dominion Status of Westminster Statute as an immediate next step … that this be conferred on India within one year after the termination of the war . “

The British had kept a keen watch on the Mahasabha session and its proceedings , perhaps for the first time . Viceroy Linlithgow sent a report to the Secretary of State , Lord Leopold Amery , on 31 December 1940 : ‘ While reiterating faith in goal of complete independence , Mahasabha is prepared to accept Dominion Status as immediate step and that constitution will be so framed as to ensure integrity and individuality of India , and while providing legitimate safeguards for minorities , will not in any manner adversely affect rights and interests of majority . Mahasabha condemns British Government for not making clear announcement of opposition to Pakistan scheme and urges immediate declaration that Pakistan will not be tolerated . ‘

SUPPORTED NAZISM ?

The Mahasabha had outlined this in its September 1939 Working Committee resolution long back that the war was not ‘ actuated by any moral , democratic or altruistic considerations ‘ and all the belligerents were only interested in ‘ self – interest and self- aggrandizement ! ‘
” We should neither hate nor love Nazists [ sic ] or Bolshevists [ sic ] or Democrats sinmply on the ground of any theoretical or bookish reasons . There is no reason to suppose that Hitler must be a human monster because he passes off as a Nazi or Churchill is a demi – God because he calls himself a Democrat . Nazism proved undeniably the saviour of Germany under the set of circumstances Germany was placed in ; Bolshevism might have suited Russia very well and we know what the English Democracy has cost us . ”

WHY TO JOIN ARMY ?

Savarkar reiterated his demand for a military awakening among the Hindus and a concerted campaign to enhance militarization amidst them . Within a year of beginning the policy of militarization the results were there for all to see with more Hindu youths enlisting in the armed forces , he maintained . Hitherto , while almost 75 per cent of the army was comprised of Muslims , among the new recruits the ratio was skewed in favour of the Hindus . Savarkar said :
” We are also participating in these war efforts , or at any rate are not out to oppose them , with no intention of helping the British but of helping ourselves . I have put the situation almost bluntly in the above manner to disarm the political folly into which the Indian public is accustomed to indulge in thinking that because Indian interests are opposed to the British interests in general , any step in which we join hands with the British Government must necessarily be an act of surrender , anti – national , of playing into the British hands and that co – operation with the British Government in any case and under all circumstances is unpatriotic and condemnable

Scoffing at the attempts by Congress to dub the Mahasabha offer of support to the war as being collaborative with the British , Savarkar exuded confidence in the political wisdom of the Hindu sangathanists to not be duped by British statecraft as the Congress had always been and that any political alliance with anyone is cemented on the principle of achieving common interests and is never one – sided .
” Now again I ask you , shall we lose this golden opportunity to acquire this military strength which our interests also demand and British interests compel Britain to help us in that task simply because some fadists [ sic ] call it an act of violence or some fools condemn it as cooperation with Imperialism ? Or shall we take the wisest step of allying ourselves with Britain on this point alone and to the extent to which it serves Hindu interests and flood the new army to be raised with Hindu Sangathanists and re – animate our race with martial spirit and regain the military strength and status we had lost ? “

Also Read : Veer Savarkar’s biography by Rash Behari Bose

JAPAN IS ALSO FIGHTING FOR ITSELF .

However , without expressing any sympathy , Savarkar said in a letter dated December 12 , 1941 , regarding Japan’s entry into the war : ” Because not only Britain , Germany , Italy and America but also Russia is fighting for its own national interest and now Japan is also fighting . In the same way , Hindustan also wants to take part in the war effort for the sake of its present and future interests . Now that war is at your door , whether you like it or not , you have to become a soldier to protect your family , your property and your life . Weapons should be increased first . “

SINGAPORE FELL .

On February 17 , 1942 , after learning of the fall of Singapore , Savarkar issued a manifesto . He said : ” The fall of Singapore is going to have a huge impact on the defense of India . British leaders should declare Hindustan equal rights with other colonies in the Indo – British Commonwealth and establish a national government in India immediately . “

HERE IN GERMANY

On 31 August 1942 , in a broadcast from Germany over the Azad Hind Radio, Subhas Bose issued a joint appeal to Savarkar and Jinnah, putting them again on the same pedestal. Bose said: ” The British Empire is in any case doomed; and the only question is as to what will happen to us when its final dissolution takes place. Shall we obtain our freedom as a right from other Powers or shall we win it by our own effort? I would request Mr. Jinnah, Mr. Savarkar and all those leaders who still think of a compromise with the British to realize once for all that in the world of tomorrow there will be no British Empire. Come forward and join the epic struggle that is going on now. “

BUT THAT WAS REALLY A ‘COMPROMISE’ ?

Savarkar sent out a statement to the British Press where he stressed that India’s cooperation could only be secured if the British Parliament made an immediate declaration to the effect that

1) India is raised to the position of a free nation in the Indo – British Commonwealth having equal status with that of Britain itself,
2) during the war period this declaration should be immediately implemented by Indianization of the Central Executive Council whose decisions woukd be binding on the Viceroy with the only exception of matters military and strategic [sic] in connection with Suppression of any internal anarchy and defending India against external invasion,
3) military forces should be fully Indianized as early as possible,
4) Provincial Governors should also have Executive Councils similar to the Central, and
5) after the end of the war, a. The conference should be immediately convened to frame a national constitution for India, so as to give full effect to the declaration referred to above.

India Working Committee of the Hindu Mahasabha met and further pressed these demands for an immediate grant of independence to India by the British . It called for the formation of a national government of composite character and with representatives of all parties , to whom all power must be transferred by the British . Similar governments were to be formed in the provinces too . The resolution said :
” The time has come when the Hindu Mahasabha must warn the View Insights British Government that although bayonets may suppress the violent outburst of popular discontent for the time being , they can never appease or remove the fundamental cause of India’s discontent . The only way to secure the willing co – operation of India in the titanic struggle against the menace is to recognize India as a free country and to respond to India’s demand for a National Goverment .. If the British Government still persists in its policy of callous indifference to India’s national aspirations and does not respond recognition of India’s freedom and for the formation of a National Government , the Hindu Mahasabha will have no other alternative but to revise its present programme and to devise ways and means whereby Britain and her Allies will realize that India , as a self – respecting nation , can no longer be suppressed . “

Savarkar cabled British prime minister Clement Attlee on 1 December 1945 seeking a general amnesty for all the captured soldiers as a gesture of goodwill :
” In view of general convention of international treatment dealt out to war prisoners and in view of the very deep discontent aroused in the public mind , which could not be easily appeased I implore apart from any question of right that every Indian under arrest of those war prisoners whether they belong to the Subhash Sainiks or outside of it should be released without any humiliating conditions as an act of grace by declaring a general amnesty . “

MILITARIZATION IN INDIA HELPED INA

On 25 June 1944 , Subhas Bose made a mention of Savarkar in his radio broadcast from Singapore . A reference to this address by Netaji was reported in the Free Hindusthan newspaper of 27 January 1946 . Further , Savarkar himself referred to this address in his article on Netaji titled * नेताजी सुभाषबाबूंची नि माझी अखेरची भेट आणि नंतर * This is what Bose is supposed to have said , ” When due to misguided political whims and lack of vision almost all the leaders of the Congress party are decrying all the soldiers in the Indian Army as mercenaries , it is heartening to know that Veer Savarkar is fearlessly exhorting the youth of India to enlist in the Armed Forces . These enlisted youth themselves provide us with the trained men from which we draw the soldiers of our Indian National Army “

Kapil Kumar , former professor at Indira Gandhi National Open University ( IGNOU ) stumbled upon some letters of the INA Trials and Military Intelligence Reports . A letter in his collection , dated 31 May 1946 , is from a soldier to the INA Relief Committee and is addressed to Sardar Patel :
” there are men who have I.N.A. at heart and worshipping ‘ Netaji ‘ as their God , and waiting for the order , who joined the Army by the advice of Barrister Savarkar in 1942. Still the same light is in the lamp Awaiting such arrangements that a committee would visit all major units in India . “
( K.N. Rao Sirai- An Ambitious Soldier )

N.B. Khare , eminent Congressman who later joined the Hindu Mahasabha after independence , writes in his memoirs about the INA :
” In this enterprise Subhash Bose took his inspiration from Sawarkar’s [ sic ] book on Indian War of Independence of 1857. In one of his speeches Subhash Bose has freely admitted this . He also distributed copies of this book freely amongst all the army personnel . He named one of his regiments as Rani of Jhansi regiment and he borrowed the slogan Chalo Delhi from the Indian sokliers in Meerut who marched on Delhi from there on the 10th May of 1857 . “

SIXTH GLORIOUS EPOCH

Savarkar didn’t forgot to mention Subhash babu as main leading face of War of Independence of India . Savarkar writes : ” we have received any real and effective help from any nation it was from Hitler , the dictator of Germany and General Tojo , the militant leader of the Japanese ! It is these countries , Germany and Japan , which gave substantial help in up – to – date arms and ammunition for the army , navy and airforce to the revolutionary party from the very begin ning , that is from the violent agitation in Europe by the Abhinava Bharat Samstha to the declaration of war against the British by Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose in the second World War . That is why an army of hardly forty to fifty thousand strong could rise in revolt against the British near Malaya and Singapore and could march against India under Netaji Subhashbabu to free it with the war – cry ‘ Chalo Delhi ‘ ”

Conclusion –

1) Savarkar never proposed land based two nation theory and always opposed Partition of India.
2) Savarkar and Bose were different in ideology but both were true Nationalists.
3) Not only Savarkar but also ambedkar opposed Quit India movement.
4) S.C. Bose’s supporter, Rasbhihari was leader of Japnese Hindu Mahasabha and also wrote a biography on Veer Savarkar.
5) Yes savarkar wrote Mercy petitions but to service the motherland. Savarkar was the ‘hero’ of leftwinger Marxist Bhagat Singh.
6) Savarkar was not atheist. He was utilitarian rationalist.
7) Savarkar never claimed that he is follower of Hitler.
8) Purpose behind joining hands with Muslim League is just for political requirement. Sabha’s hindutvarite stances never changed bcoz of this.
9) Savarkar never created a obstacles to the freedom of india due to Hindutva ideology. Even he urged to make “Hindi” state without considering Religion. Yes pure secular country.
10) Madanlal Dhingra was not ‘provoked’ by savarkar.
11) savarkar also raised voice against British even after unconditional release from Ratnagiri Jail.
12)” Hindu nationalist means who create chaos in Religion” My foot.
13) religion is over the nation ? No . Hindu is itself a Nation and religion is subset of it.


References –

Savarkar The Contested Legacy
Historical Statements by Savarkar
Six Glorious Epochs of Indian History

via @idealist_ak

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